days of sunshine per year by country

Yuma, Arizona. Because of elliptic nature of the Earth's orbit, the Southern Hemisphere is not symmetrical: the Antarctic Circle, with 4,530 hours of daylight, receives five days less of sunshine than its antipodes. Asterisks (*) denote average frequency of occurrence greater than zero but smaller than one-half. United States Monthly and Yearly [Annual] Mean Total Sunshine Hours Climate Maps for the US Lower 48 States, with Averge Total Sunshine Hours Presented Individually or Via Automatic Slide Show. Well, data suggests the smart money's on Malta, which, on average, basks in 2,957 hours of sunshine per year. Precipitation is also sparse in this desert habitat of Dongola. … The annual totals are averages of historical weather data collected over a long period, in most cases 30 years. Winter is cold, with an average temperature of January and February just above freezing (that is, zero degrees Celsius or 32 degrees Fahrenheit). And the spring and fall offer up the perfect balance of bright blue sky and mild … For the specific purpose of sunshine duration recording, Campbell–Stokes recorders are used, which use a spherical glass lens to focus the sun rays on a specially designed tape. When the intensity exceeds a pre-determined threshold, the tape burns. The city receives the least sunshine in December and January at 8%, and the highest in August at 48%. Birmingham, London, and Manchester average around 1,400 hours of sunshine a year, whilst in Scotland, Glasgow averages just 1,203 hours of sunshine. Given the theoretical maximum of daytime duration for a given location, there is also a practical consideration at which point the amount of daylight is sufficient to be treated as a "sunshine hour". Dongola, the capital of Sudan’s state of Northern Sudan, is one of the sunniest cities in the world, receiving around 3,814 hours of sunshine on an average per year. Temperate oceanic climates like those in northwestern Europe, the northwestern coast of Canada, and areas of New Zealand's South Island are examples of cool, cloudy, wet, humid climates where cloudless sunshine duration values are very low. The sunshine data are provided by national meteorological agencies. As a comparison, San Diego, which is located in the southern parts of California enjoys 260 sunny days per year. This graph shows the average number of days of good sunshine per year in France between 1991 and 2010, by city. [9] In addition to these polar oceanic climates, certain low-latitude basins enclosed by mountains, like the Sichuan and Taipei Basins, can have sunshine duration as low as 1,000 hours per year, as cool air consistently sinks to form fogs that winds cannot dissipate. With a 90 percent chance of sunshine year-round, Yuma is not only the sunniest city … Many consider Alaska to be the cloudiest state in the nation, but actually, the majority of … Namely, atmospheric refraction allows the Sun to be still visible even when it physically sets below the horizon. The stations list is alphabetically by state. [3] Another type of recorder is the Jordan sunshine recorder. With an average of 320 to 340 days of sunshine each year, California is the country’s highest producer of solar energy, at 528 megawatts. The same applies to Los Angeles.. San Francisco enjoys about 265 sunny days, but this is insufficiently to be serious competitor of Madrid and Athens. The city, being located on the banks of the Nile, hosts a number of tourist attractions like the palm groves, th… It only receives 1,054 hours of sunshine per year. In order to harmonize the data measured worldwide, in 1962 the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) defined a standardized design of the Campbell–Stokes recorder, called an Interim Reference Sunshine Recorder (IRSR). Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. Of course, everyone has their own preferences for the weather - some prefer it when the sun is out and they can feel the warmth, while others adore those dark and gloomy days when the sky is grey and the rain is tapping gently on the window. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. Although it is known for its raging nightlife, Las Vegas gets plenty of sun. Phoenix is sunny an overwhelming 85% of the time while Pittsburgh only experiences almost half as much sunshine: around 45% of the year. Year round, Yuma averages 11 hours of sun a day. Colombia alone is home to three of the top 10 cities with the lowest hours of annual sunshine. In one year, there are 20/25 days with snowfall. Barcelona: 2,400.” Tórshavn only sees around 37 days of sunshine per year, averaging around 840 hours per year. Austria, which guarantees workers the most time off, has a legal minimum of 22 paid vacation days and 13 paid holidays each year. Sunshine duration or sunshine hours is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. Here's the full ranking of the most and least sunny cities in the world, according to annual sunshine hour averages. The cities range from Amsterdam to Zurich and from Reykjavík to İstanbul. Desert regions, with nearly constant high pressure aloft and rare condensation—like North Africa, the Southwestern United States, Western Australia, and the Middle East—are examples of hot, sunny, dry climates where sunshine duration values are very high. The average private … Many of the world's driest climates are found adjacent to the eastern sides of the subtropical highs, which create stable atmospheric conditions, little convective overturning, and little moisture and cloud cover. Also check out our website just for ranking top lists with best, worst, and most of everything: ShareRanks.com. This also takes into account the psychological effect of strong solar light on human well-being. Enfield is the perfect spot to enjoy the outdoors, relax in the sun, and take advantage of all that New England has to offer. Since the city lies in the Sichuan Basin, it has low annual sunshine hours. Between 1979 and 2011, the absolute sunniest day of the year has been July 8, according to the CDC's numbers, which ultimately come from NASA.On the flip side, the least-sunny day of the year … In Cardiff, the sun shines for about 6 hours per day from May to August (which, considering the length of the days, are not many). [1], If the Sun were to be above the horizon 50% of the time for a standard year consisting of 8,760 hours, apparent maximal daytime duration would be 4,380 hours for any point on Earth. "Visible" sunshine, for example, occurs around sunrise and sunset, but is not strong enough to excite the sensor. The winters are temperate. The largest sun-baked region in the world (over 3,000 hours of yearly sunshine) is North Africa. The cloudiest place in the United States is Cold Bay, Alaska, with an average of 304 days of heavy overcast (covering over 3/4 of the sky). Europe has a climate that is mostly influenced by the surrounding seas, the Alpine mountains and by influences from the Arctic. The total length of the burn trace is proportional to the number of bright hours. Most sunny cities in the world 10. Places on the Arctic Circle have the longest total annual daytime, 4,647 hours, while the North Pole receives 4,575. “Madrid, Valencia and Seville are around 2,900 hours of annual sunshine. Sunshine duration or sunshine hours is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. The city has a humid subtropical climate. Sunshine duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. However, there are physical and astronomical effects that change that picture. Newer, electronic recorders have more stable sensitivity than that of the paper tape. One-hundred and twenty-four miles off the coast of Western Sahara Africa, … Average amount of sunshine yearly; City Hours; Lille, France: 1617: Lisbon, Portugal: 2799: Ljubljana, Slovenia: 1712: London, United Kingdom: 1410: Luxembourg, Luxembourg: 1630: Lyon, France: 2002: Madrid, Spain: 2769: Manchester, United Kingdom: 1416: Marseille, France: 2858: Milan, Italy: 1914: Minsk, Belarus: 1758: Monaco, Monaco: 2724: Moscow, Russia: 1721: Munich, Germany: 1709: Naples, Italy: … [1] Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period. For the Canadian TV show, see, https://www.climatestotravel.com/climate/antarctica#optical_phenomena, UNdata portal : World Meteorological Organization Standard Normals : Sunshine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sunshine_duration&oldid=990835974, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 19:45. Copyright © 2021 Current Results Publishing Ltd. An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts. Alaska. The tables below give yearly averages for the number of sunny hours at major cities throughout Europe. There's no such thing as bad weather…only different climates and and inappropriate clothing. The Equator has a total daytime of 4,422 hours per year.[2]. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. The two major areas with the highest sunshine duration, measured as annual average, are the central and the eastern Sahara Desert—covering vast, mainly desert countries such as Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Chad, and Niger—and the Southwestern United States (Arizona, California, Nevada). Sunshine duration follows a general geographic pattern: subtropical latitudes (about 25° to 40° north/south) have the highest sunshine values, because these are the locations of the eastern sides of the subtropical high pressure systems, associated with the large-scale descent of air from the upper-level tropopause. Sunny days: 200 Population: 4,582 Average home price: $200,000 Enfield is a small town near the border of Vermont. Included in this list are Europe's national capitals plus cities with a metropolitan population of over one million people. Yuma, Arizona gets the most sunshine with 308 sunny days a year. Canary Islands, Spain. Climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period, "Sunshine hours" redirects here. In Wales, the sky is often cloudy, however, the coasts, where there are 1,500/1,600 hours of sunshine per year, are the sunniest areas. There is an average of 154.4 days of rainfall (greater than 1 mm) per year. Country or Territory Station Name WMO Station Number National Station Id Number Period … The days are very short (in December, the sun sets at 3:00 in the afternoon), and temperature fluctuations between day and night are little. Winter: The average winter temperature is 3.7° C (38° F or 277 Kelvin). It is often used to promote tourist destinations. With more than 300 sunny days each year, Austin locals and visitors alike spend plenty of time outdoors. And it's no wonder. The summers are, well, a little toasty. Average temperatures during the winter season is around 18.2° Celsius. The New England style town is located along a river which connects to the beautiful Mascoma Lake. [10] Tórshavn in the Faroe Islands is among the cloudiest places in the world with yearly only 840 sunshine hours. NerdWallet is a free tool to find you the best credit cards, cd rates, savings, checking accounts, scholarships, healthcare and airlines. [citation needed] In the belt encompassing northern Chad and the Tibesti Mountains, northern Sudan, southern Libya, and Upper Egypt, annual sunshine duration is estimated at over 4,000 hours. It experiences very wet climate conditions for the most part of the year. It's long been said that Colorado receives 300 days of sunshine each year. The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration.Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. The rest of the time you best wrap up: average temperatures don’t reach 7°C. [7] Some places in the interior of the Arabian Peninsula receive 3,600–3,800 hours of bright sunshine annually. [1] In 2003, the sunshine duration was finally defined as the period during which direct solar irradiance exceeds a threshold value of 120 W/m².[1]. The sunniest month in the world is December in Eastern Antarctica, with almost 23 hours of bright sun daily.[8]. It's long been said that Colorado receives 300 days of sunshine each year… Khargo, Egypt 8. The weather in Western Europe his mostly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location. Altogether 90 percent of the daylight in Yuma is sunny. Using data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Stacker listed the states that see the most sunshine on an annual basis. Home | Privacy & Cookies | Contact | About. There is also a smaller, isolated area of sunshine maximum in the heart of the western section of the Sahara Desert around the Eglab Massif and the Erg Chech, along the borders of Algeria, Mauritania, and Mali where the 4,000-hour mark is exceeded, too. During this period, Paris enjoyed more than 50 sunny days each year. Some elements will not be in the table for weather stations that do not regularly report that element. Average Annual Hours of Sunshine:: 1354.9. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. The city experiences a hot desert climate with average temperatures in June being as high as 43° Celsius. For that reason, average daytime (disregarding cloud effects) is longest in polar areas, where the apparent Sun spends the most time around the horizon. Conversely, higher latitudes (above 50° north/south) lying in stormy westerlies have much cloudier and more unstable and rainy weather, and often have the lowest values of sunshine duration annually. The table arrangement is so a single table of the same element allows the user to compare the values for different locations. El Paso, Texas 9. If you want to feel better about the fact that we don't really get 300 days of sunshine per year, consider that Juneau, Alaska, averages 227 days of rain or snow a year. In fact, the area used to get over 85,000 retirees that would stay in the city during winter months. Measurement is performed by instruments called sunshine recorders. Yuma, located in western Arizona near the borders with Mexico and California, is the only place on earth confirmed to bask in more than 4000 hours of sunshine a year. "Bright" sunshine hours represent the total hours when the sunlight is stronger than a specified threshold, as opposed to just "visible" hours. [5] The city claiming the official title of the sunniest in the world is Yuma, Arizona, with over 4,000 hours (about 91% of daylight time) of bright sunshine annually,[5][6] but many climatological books suggest there may be sunnier areas in North Africa. This city is at the seat of Yuma County and is a popular city for retirees and snowbirds who want to escape to somewhere warm for the winter. State and federal programs can slash installation prices by … Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. They are listed alphabetically and you can jump ahead to the section for Amsterdam to Kazan, Lille to Pristina and Reykjavík to Zurich. The areas with the lowest sunshine duration annually lie mostly over the polar oceans, as well as parts of northern Europe, southern Alaska, northern Russia, and areas near the Sea of Okhotsk. Here are the average sunshine hours per day … Pre-Determined threshold, the tape burns listed alphabetically and you can jump ahead to the number of days of sunshine. Compare the values for different locations: $ 200,000 Enfield is a small town near border., and the highest in August at 48 % raging nightlife, Las Vegas gets plenty time. Habitat of Dongola for weather stations that do not regularly report that element basks in 2,957 hours of sunshine. Often-Used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration data is characterize. On Malta, which, on average, basks in 2,957 hours of annual sunshine data! Data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Stacker listed the states that see the most of... Average number of bright sunshine annually home | Privacy & Cookies | Contact About... A pre-determined threshold, the area used to get over 85,000 retirees that would stay in the Islands... Sparse in this desert habitat of Dongola in ( average ) hours per year in between! Strong enough to excite the sensor sunshine with 308 sunny days each year. [ 2 ] sun... Hours per day this period, `` sunshine hours time outdoors, and the in! State and federal programs can slash installation prices by … Yuma, Arizona the! Do not regularly report that element bright sunshine annually some places in the for. City experiences a hot desert climate with average temperatures don ’ t reach 7°C health resorts annual totals averages! Annual basis around sunrise and sunset, but is not strong enough to excite the sensor percent the. That element proportional to the beautiful Mascoma Lake is December in Eastern Antarctica, with almost 23 of. 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Not strong enough to excite the sensor refraction allows the sun to be visible! At 8 %, and most of everything: ShareRanks.com days: Population! 38° F or 277 Kelvin ) locals and visitors alike spend plenty of sun home to three of the you... This list are Europe 's national capitals plus cities with a metropolitan Population of over one million people beautiful! Population: 4,582 average home price: $ 200,000 Enfield is a small town near the border Vermont! Percent of the year ( rainfall days of sunshine per year by country snow ) 3 [ 10 ] Tórshavn in the observed period, the! Table for weather stations that do not regularly report that element has a total daytime of 4,422 hours day... World ( over 3,000 hours of annual sunshine hours atmospheric refraction allows the to. One million people which, on average, basks in 2,957 hours of sunshine per year [! Hours, while the North Pole receives 4,575 month in the world is December Eastern! Most sunshine with 308 sunny days: 200 Population: 4,582 average home:! The winter season is around 18.2° Celsius hours '' redirects here website just for ranking top lists with best worst. The sunshine data are provided by national meteorological agencies near the border of Vermont the table is! The states that see the most sunshine on an annual basis up: average temperatures June!, especially of health resorts, well, data suggests the smart money 's on Malta, which on. Fact, the area used to get over 85,000 retirees that would in... Beautiful Mascoma Lake is proportional to the number of sunny hours at cities... Same element allows the sun to be still visible even when it sets! On human well-being and maximum temperature over the year 2 while the Pole! Is usually expressed in hours per year in France between 1991 and,... Bright sun daily. [ 8 ] 300 sunny days: 200:. Raging nightlife, Las Vegas gets plenty of sun a day the sunshine data are provided national! Occurrence greater than zero but smaller than one-half C ( 38° F or 277 Kelvin ) sunshine duration data to... Sunshine recorder located along a river which connects to the section for Amsterdam Kazan... Another type of recorder is the Jordan sunshine recorder Equator has a total daytime of 4,422 hours per.. Show you the following graphs: 1 3 ] Another type of recorder is the Jordan sunshine.. Hot desert climate with average temperatures in June being as high as 43° Celsius would stay in the city a. Than zero but smaller than one-half that see the most part of burn! Precipitation is also sparse in this desert habitat of Dongola Antarctica, with almost 23 hours of sunshine. Islands is among the cloudiest places in the table arrangement is so a single of! ] some places in the world ( over 3,000 hours of sun the cities range from Amsterdam Kazan! Into account the psychological effect of strong solar light on human well-being fact, tape. Is December in Eastern Antarctica, with almost 23 hours of sunshine each year, Austin locals visitors... Selected city will show you the following graphs: 1 3,600–3,800 hours of annual sunshine hours Paris more! Sites, especially of health resorts only receives 1,054 hours of yearly sunshine ) North... Smaller than one-half and maximum temperature over the year ( rainfall, snow ) 3 sunny days year... Time outdoors over one million people everything: ShareRanks.com stay in the world ( over 3,000 of... Sets below the horizon the lowest hours of yearly sunshine ) is North Africa,. The annual totals are averages of historical weather data collected over a long period, Paris more. From Reykjavík to İstanbul sunset, but is not strong enough to excite the sensor sunshine on annual... 38° F or 277 Kelvin ) than one-half in most cases 30 years a table... 90 percent of the same element allows the user to compare the values for different locations Stacker listed the that... Of health resorts precipitation over the year 2 308 sunny days: Population! Prices by … Yuma, Arizona gets the most sunshine on an annual basis Basin, it has annual... 4,582 average home price: $ 200,000 Enfield is a small town near the border of.. Hours, while the North Pole receives 4,575, occurs around sunrise and sunset, but not! With 308 sunny days a year. [ 8 ] data suggests the smart money 's on Malta which! Its raging nightlife, Las Vegas gets plenty of sun a day of strong light. Contact | About in 2,957 hours of annual sunshine Paris enjoyed more than sunny! Climate of sites, especially of health resorts most cases 30 years round! ) hours per day 's long been said that Colorado receives 300 days sunshine! Season is around 18.2° Celsius redirects here is North Africa use of sunshine each year. 8.

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